How To Make Sponge Cakes Recipe

Sponge cakes are a classic dessert that everyone loves.

Whether you’re a beginner baker or an experienced one, making sponge cakes at home is easy and rewarding.

In this article, we will guide you through the step-by-step process of making sponge cakes, and provide you with some useful tips and tricks to help you make the best sponge cakes ever.


The sponge cake recipe has been around since the 18th century, and it has been a favorite dessert in many cultures around the world.

The first sponge cakes were made without any leavening agents, such as baking powder or soda, and relied on whipped eggs to give them their light and fluffy texture.


To make sponge cakes, you will need the following ingredients:

  • 4 eggs, at room temperature
  • 1 cup sugar
  • 1 cup flour
  • 1 tsp baking powder
  • 1/4 tsp salt
  • 1 tsp vanilla extract

Make sure all your ingredients are at room temperature before you begin.


To make sponge cakes, you will need the following equipment:

  • Stand mixer or hand mixer
  • Mixing bowl
  • Whisk attachment or beaters
  • Spatula
  • 9-inch round cake pan
  • Parchment paper
  • Cooling rack

Prep Time

It takes about 15 minutes to prepare the ingredients for sponge cakes, and about 25-30 minutes to bake them.

The total time needed for making sponge cakes is about 1 hour.

To streamline the process, make sure you have all your ingredients and equipment ready before you start.


  1. Preheat your oven to 350°F (175°C). Grease a 9-inch round cake pan with butter or cooking spray, and line it with parchment paper.
  2. In a mixing bowl, beat the eggs and sugar together on high speed for about 5 minutes, until the mixture is light and fluffy.
  3. In a separate bowl, sift the flour, baking powder, and salt together.
  4. Add the dry ingredients to the egg mixture in three parts, folding gently with a spatula after each addition until just combined.
  5. Pour the batter into the prepared cake pan and smooth the top with a spatula.
  6. Bake for 25-30 minutes, or until a toothpick inserted in the center comes out clean.
  7. Remove the cake from the oven and let it cool in the pan for 5 minutes. Then, transfer it to a cooling rack to cool completely.


There are many ways to customize sponge cakes to suit your taste.

You can add lemon zest or cocoa powder to the batter to create different flavors.

You can also add fruit, whipped cream, or frosting on top of the cake to make it more decadent.

Serving Suggestions

Sponge cakes are delicious on their own, but they can also be served with fresh fruit, whipped cream, or frosting.

They make a great dessert for any occasion, from birthday parties to afternoon tea.


Sponge cakes can be stored at room temperature in an airtight container for up to 3 days.

They can also be frozen for up to 3 months.


  • Make sure all your ingredients are at room temperature before you begin.
  • Be careful not to overmix the batter, as this can cause the cake to become dense and dry.
  • Use a good quality cake pan to ensure even baking.
  • Don’t open the oven door during baking, as this can cause the cake to collapse.
  • Let the cake cool completely before slicing or decorating.


Can I make this recipe without a stand mixer or electric hand mixer?

Yes, you can still make this recipe without a mixer.

Simply use a whisk to beat the eggs and sugar until they become light and fluffy.

Then, fold in the dry ingredients with a spatula.

Can I substitute the cake flour for all-purpose flour?

It is recommended to use cake flour for sponge cakes because it has a lower protein content, resulting in a more tender and delicate crumb.

However, if you cannot find cake flour, you can make your own by sifting together all-purpose flour and cornstarch in a 1:2 ratio.

Can I use other flavorings besides vanilla extract?

Yes, you can use any flavorings you like, such as almond extract, lemon zest, or cocoa powder. Simply adjust the amount to your preference.

Can I make the sponge cake ahead of time?

Yes, you can bake the sponge cake a day or two in advance and store it in an airtight container at room temperature.

However, it is best to assemble the cake with the filling and frosting on the day you plan to serve it.

Can I make a gluten-free version of this recipe?

Yes, you can use a gluten-free flour blend in place of the cake flour. Just make sure it contains xanthan gum or another binding agent to help hold the cake together.


Sponge cake is a classic dessert that is beloved for its light, airy texture and versatility.

Whether you’re making a layered cake with filling and frosting or simply enjoying a slice with fresh berries and whipped cream, sponge cake is sure to impress.

With a few tips and tricks, this recipe is easy to master and customize to your liking.

So why not give it a try and enjoy a delicious and satisfying dessert?


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